- Futurism was an artistic movement that began in the 20th century
- The movement originated in Italy and influenced other countries
- Its influence encompassed every art medium, from traditional art to film fashion, music and ood
- The founder of Futurism was Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who published the Futurist Manifesto in 1909
- The manifesto stated that beauty lies in struggle, and glorified war and speed. It celebrated social movement and modern machinery.
- At times the manifesto was violent, advocating the destruction of symbolic museums and libraries, and expressing a desire to ‘fight morality’
- Futurist artists included: Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini and the composer Luigi Russolo.
My veiw – I think that the Futurist movement was a bold move. The key concepts behind the movement interest me. I like that the futurists strove for a newer, more modern way of life. I also think that the broad application of the movement through a wide range of mediums is a testament to the popularity of the Futurist ideals. However I think some of the points made in the Futurist manifesto show a violent, anarchistic nature that opposes the natural leadership of society. I find the more extreme Futurist views far less admirable. Marinetti’s clear hatred of anything old also shows a lack of pride in traditions and the origin of his country and society. I think that while I admire the forward-striving nature of Futurism, I aslo believe in celebration of the past. Despite this, I find the artwork created from the movement to be interesting and innovative.
- Constructivism, was a very similar movement, very much inspired by the Futurists. It began in Russia in 1919
- Constructivist artists included Ella Bergmann-Michel, Max Bill, Ilya Bolotowsky, Norman Carlberg, Carlos Catasse , Srečko Kosovel and Theo Constanté
- A famous Constructivist piece is ‘Light Display: Black-White-Grey’, which was created in 1930 by László Moholy-Nagy. The original conception was designed to be filmed in 6 parts, although only one was completed. It is an abstract piece which plays with light and dark.
My view – While Constructivism is a parallel movement to Futurism, I find it has less substance. Comparitively, there is a lack of a distinct leder or pioneer, a figure whose influence is similar to that of Marinetti during the Futurist movement. I find the work born of the constructivist movement to be harder to understand and to have less of a distinctive style. Because of this, while I have no active disliking for Constructivism, I do not particularly like it either, rather finding myself indifferent. My views here are less clean cut than my insticive response to the Futurist movement.
- Eadweard Muybridge – an English photographer who used multiple cameras to undertake studies of motion.Famous for sets of photographs including the movement of a horse and a gymnast. His sequences of images could be strung together and viewed as stop motion photography, and became an early form of cinematography.
- Georges Méliès – A French filmaker born in 1861. Due to lack of money to buy invest in expensive techniques and film, Méliès re-used, cut up and hand-coloured his film. This lead to his accidentally discovering the stop motion trick, and his experimentation made him very influential in the use of special effects during film-making. He is particularly famous for his 1902 film ‘Le Voyage dans la Lune’, a black and white movie inspire by the work of Jules Verne, which uses a number of imaginitive effects.
My view – I am particularly interested in the work of Muybridge. I enjoy looking at his photographic sequences and feel his work was as important scientifically as it is artistically. I also think he has been influential in later work. While I feel less fondness for the work of Méliès, I have no doubt that he was a pioneer of filmaking and has become iconic and hugely influential. He shows great initiative and inventiveness, and this something I find very admirable.